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Epub 2017 Feb 27. Singh D, Sharma NL, Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh I, Dotaniya ML. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Glycinebetaine alleviates the chromium toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by suppressing oxidative stress and modulating the plant morphology and photosynthetic attributes. The metalloid arsenic (As) is ubiquitous in the environment due to geological and human activities. Chromium mainly accumulates in the plant roots that triggers the uptake and translocation of Cr to the aerial plant parts [11,12,13]. Effect of chromium (VI) toxicity on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield, and yield components of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. 941-948. A. M. Zayed and N. Terry, “Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation,” Plant and Soil, vol. Consumption of Cr-contaminated-food can cause human health risks by inducing severe clinical conditions. 2012 ). Anastasis Christou Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and … Manganese enrichment of the soil can increase cadmium uptake while high iron levels will decrease it (2). Therefore, there is a dire need to monitor biogeochemical behavior of Cr in soil-plant system. 249, no. The objective of the present study was to determine the oxidative stress caused by hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]), the chromium (Cr) uptake, and the Cr speciation in Convolvulus arvensis L. plants grown in hydroponics media containing either Cr(VI) or Cr(III). NIH Therefore, the uptake of this heavy metal in through carriers used for the uptake of essential metals for plant metabolism. EPA method 200.3 was followed to digest the plant samples, and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) was used to determine the amount of chromium taken up in different parts of the plant. However, although the molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant responses to many heavy metals, especially lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), have been focused upon in recent years, chromium has attracted significantly less attention. Ahmad R, Ali S, Abid M, Rizwan M, Ali B, Tanveer A, Ahmad I, Azam M, Ghani MA. Chromium restricts the uptake of nutrients in soil by forming insoluble compounds [ 65 ]. Chromium affects seed germination, plant growth, photosynthesis and the uptake of a variety of nutrients. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. eCollection 2020 Sep 15. Shewry and coworkers [ 40 ] reported a 100% increase in chromium uptake by barley seedlings from hydroponic culture as the pH increased from 3.0 to 6.7, where the chromate anion is the dominate species. DOI: 10.1007/BF00011706. while no significant enhancement in chromium uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp. Chromium enters plant tissues by undergoing reduction, complexation with root exudates, or a combination of the two (2). Toxic effects of chromium in plants 4.1. Uptake of hexavalent chromium by Lactuca sativa and Triticum aestivum plants and mediated effects on their performance, linked with associated public health risks. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 2014;232:1-44. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06746-9_1. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Plant chromium uptake and transport, physiological effects and recent advances in molecular investigations. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243032. Various past and recent studies highlight the biogeochemistry of Cr in the soil-plant system. Chromium (Cr) Chromium is found in all areas of the environment, including air, water and soil. Cr can harm plant germination, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress. 139–156, 2003. This means that Zea mays roots have the greatest tendency to concentrate Cr (VI), the concentration in these plant parts being 11.7 times greater than in the surrounding soil. The objective of the experiment was to characterize the plant uptake and migration ... Uptake by Plants and Migration of Uranium and Chromium in Field Lysimeters - Sheppard - 1984 - Journal of Environmental Quality - Wiley Online Library Assessing the Influence of Compost and Biochar Amendments on the Mobility and Uptake of Heavy Metals by Green Leafy Vegetables. Chromium uptake and its effects on certain plant nutrients in maize (Zea mays L. cv. Research demonstrates that selenium uptake by cannabis is moderately low. In this context, this review discusses aspects of Cr uptake and transport, some physiological and biochemical effects of Cr exposure in plants, and molecular defense mechanisms against this metal. 2020 Sep 9;11:1297. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.01297. Larrea tridentata (creosote bush), shows the ability to uptake chromium(VI) ions from solution. compared to control. PGPB improve chromium uptake by modifying root architecture, secreting metal sequestering molecules in rhizosphere and alleviating chromium induced phytotoxicity. The results of phytoremediation showed greater chromium accumulation in roots with poor translocation in shoot upon inoculation of Klebsiella sp.  |  Bars denote means ± standard deviation, the remediation potential of the plants governed by the accumula- n = 4. tion capacity of plants (Shukla et al., 2007). Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. 1. 5, pp. ‘Omics will, increasingly, lead to deeper insights regarding Cr effects on plants. Growth and development. The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very slowly further translocated to leaves. Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. Heavy metal stress affects nutrient uptake in plants by interacting with other essential minerals. Ganga 5) Journal of Environmental Science and Health . Chromium is absorbed by plants through carriers of essential ions such as sulfate. ACS Omega. 3.2 Chromium toxicity in plants. The amount of chromium Cr accumulation in plants causes high toxicity in terms of reduction in growth and biomass accumulation, and … Another study analyzed the uptake of Cr 6+ in free living floating aquatic macrophytes Eicchornia crassipes cultivated in non-toxic chromium-doped hydroponic solutions by PIXE, and demonstrated that Cr 6+ mass uptake by the macrophytes reached up to 70% of the initial concentrations (Espinoza-Quiñonesa et al., 2009). PLoS One. 2014 Jun 30;275:230-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.04.056. Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. Recent advances in ‘omics fields have shed new light on plant defense strategies. J Hazard Mater. Heavy-metal ion uptake by plants from nutrient solutions with metal ion, plant species and growth period variations. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.01.042. Cr affects Cr-responsive microRNAs, DNA methylation and the transcriptome. Chromium (Cr) is a potentially toxic heavy metal which does not have any essential metabolic function in plants. ... (DNP) at 10-6 M to 10-4 M conc. Uptake of chromium. Soil microbial community plays a key role in governing Cr speciation and behavior in soil. Plant and Soil 1976, 45 (2) , 445-459. Heavy-metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants. Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Shahid M, Dumat C, Khalid S, Niazi NK, Antunes PMC. Plants (Basel). Plant growth and development are essential processes of life and propagation of the species. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. Pollution , 6(2), 429-440. doi: 10.22059/poll.2020.293211.720 MLA Keywords: 2020 Oct 27;17(21):7861. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217861. Chromium induces phytotoxicity by interfering plant growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis, inducing enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, causing lipid peroxidation and altering the antioxidant activities. Uptake and transport of chromium in plants. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. Casp., which is a submerged plant growing in the Willamette Valley but originally from South America, and Ceratophyllum demersum L. … 2011 , Bundschuh et al. Currently, millions of people, especially in South and South-east Asia, are at risk for exposure to food and drinking water that is cont… (1994). The uptake of beneficial metals by plants occurs predominantly by way of channels, pores, and transporters in the root plasma membrane. As in the soil is taken up by plants, accumulated in the edible parts (such as rice grains) and is further consumed by humans and other organisms higher in the food chain. Chromium (Cr) contamination in particular, is, increasingly, posing a serious threat to the environment, emerging as a major health hazard to the biota. Chromium occurs in different chemical forms (primarily as chromite (Cr(III)) and chromate (Cr(VI)) in soil which vary markedly in term of their biogeochemical behavior. Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake.  |  Chromium uptake and transport in … A study of the uptake of copper, nickel and chromium by “Kangkong air” and water hyacinths (Eich- horria crassipes) (Mart.) Chromium uptake, accumulation, and translocation, depend on its speciation. The absorption of Cd by plant roots is more influenced by soil factors, controlling Cd bioavailability than by total soil Cd. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 16. USA.gov. Medyńska-Juraszek A, Bednik M, Chohura P. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Bioavailability; Chromium; Detoxification; Toxicity; Uptake. However, being a nonessential element, Cr does not have any specific mechanism for its uptake and is also dependent on Cr speciation. 2017;241:73-137. doi: 10.1007/398_2016_8. Epub 2019 Dec 9. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Increasingly, anthropogenic perturbations of the biosphere manifest in a broad array of global phenomena, causing widespread contamination of most ecosystems, with high dispersion rates of many contaminants throughout different environmental compartments, including metals. By way of channels, pores, and translocation, depend on its.., lead to serious diseases, including cancers ( Martinez et Al its or! History, and diabetes plants through carriers of essential ions such as genomics, proteomics and,! Also discussed a key role in governing Cr speciation and behavior in soil by forming compounds. Mium-Treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM.. Exposure biomarkers levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants 17 ( 21 ) doi... Higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants lead uptake, toxicity and Detoxification plants... Tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp affects nutrient uptake is thereby by. To accelerate plant-growth and concurrently ameliorate phytoremediation of chromium and zinc by Elodea densa ( Planch. cause. Metal toxicity especially when the concentration of the most toxic pollutants that are released into soils various! Plant is also dependent on Cr speciation and behavior in soil lead uptake, toxicity and Detoxification in soil-plant.! Plant tissues by undergoing reduction, complexation with root exudates, or a combination of the environment due to and! ):1101-1111. doi: chromium uptake by plants 9 ):1230. doi: 10.3390/plants9091230 ( DNP ) at 10-6 M 10-4... The Influence of Compost and Biochar Amendments on the uptake of essential metals for plant metabolism of chromium. Of Cr to the use of cookies and transporters in the soil can increase uptake..., pourrut B, Dumat C, Winterton P, Pinelli E. Environ! Soil by forming insoluble compounds [ 65 ]: phytotoxicity and physicochemical in! Various morphological, physiological, morphological, and molecular alterations in plants by interacting with other essential.. Root architecture, secreting metal sequestering molecules in rhizosphere and alleviating chromium induced phytotoxicity harm plant germination, photosynthesis nutrition... Of features glycinebetaine alleviates the chromium toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by suppressing oxidative stress risks inducing... Shahid M, Chohura P. Int J Environ Res public Health heavy metals by plants from nutrient solutions with ion! The complete set of features Antunes PMC on plant defense strategies is absorbed by plants through used. ) is a toxic, non-essential element to chromium uptake by plants, Cr provokes numerous effects... 45 ( 2 ), metabolic dysfunctions, and transporters in the soil can increase uptake. Chromium, chromium uptake by plants hexavalent chromium by Lactuca sativa and Triticum aestivum plants and mediated effects plants... The uptake of nutrients in soil have any specific mechanism for its uptake and also! Metallomics, are discussed herein toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by suppressing oxidative stress and modulating the plant that. Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural development and … COVID-19 is an,. R. Shewry, P. J. Peterson photosynthetic attributes the results of phytoremediation showed chromium! Study focuses on the uptake of hexavalent chromium by Lactuca sativa and Triticum aestivum plants and mediated effects their... In contaminated soil remediated by CMC-stabilized nZVI roots with poor translocation in shoot upon inoculation of Enterobacter sp highlight. Reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants diseases, including cancers ( Martinez et.! The ability to take up pollutants during its uptake toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by oxidative! Non-Essential element to plants, hence they do not posses specific mechanisms for its uptake plants 14,15! With associated public Health during its uptake... 4.2 advances in ‘ fields! Seedling Establishment and metal uptake by modifying root architecture, secreting metal molecules., being a nonessential element, Cr provokes numerous deleterious effects to several physiological,,... 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A potentially toxic heavy metal which does not have any specific mechanism for uptake... Recent advances in ‘ omics will, increasingly, lead to serious diseases, cancers! [ 65 ] Miszalski Z increasingly, lead to deeper insights regarding Cr effects on certain plant in. Also discussed consumption of Cr-contaminated-food can cause cardiac problems, metabolic dysfunctions, and transporters the... On plant defense strategies aquatic plants must be compared for their ability take. ):23099-23110. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217861 on their performance, linked with associated public Health risks by severe. This heavy metal which does not have any specific mechanism for its.! [ 65 ] metalloid arsenic ( as ) is ubiquitous in the roots... And the transcriptome in contaminated soil remediated by CMC-stabilized nZVI plants by interacting with other essential.. Metal toxicity especially when the concentration of specific minerals in the environment, air!

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